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Chantarasorn, V. & Dietz, H.P., 2012. Diagnosis of cystocele type by clinical examination and pelvic floor ultrasound. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 39(6), pp.710–4.

Chantarasorn, V., Shek, K.L. & Dietz, H.P., 2011. Sonographic appearance of transobturator slings: implications for function and dysfunction. International urogynecology journal, 22(4), pp.493–8.

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Derpapas, A. et al., 2012. Racial differences in female urethral morphology and levator hiatal dimensions: an ultrasound study. Neurourology and urodynamics, 31(4), pp.502–7.

Dickie, K.J., Shek, K.L. & Dietz, H.P., 2010. The relationship between urethral mobility and parity. BJOG, 117(10), pp.1220–4.

Dietz, H.P., Franco, A.V.M., et al., 2012. Avulsion injury and levator hiatal ballooning: two independent risk factors for prolapse? An observational study. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica, 91(2), pp.211–4.

Dietz, H.P., 2012a. Clinical consequences of levator trauma. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 39(4), pp.367–71.

Dietz, H.P., 2012b. Mesh in prolapse surgery: an imaging perspective. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 40(5), pp.495–503.

Dietz, H.P., Bernardo, M.J., et al., 2011. Minimal criteria for the diagnosis of avulsion of the puborectalis muscle by tomographic ultrasound. International urogynecology journal, 22(6), pp.699–704.

Dietz, H.P., 2010a. Pelvic floor ultrasound: a review. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 202(4), pp.321–334.

Dietz, H.P., 2007. Quantification of major morphological abnormalities of the levator ani.

Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 29(3), pp.329–34. Dietz, H.P., 2010b. The evolution of ultrasound in urogynecology. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 36(6), pp.655–7.

Dietz, H.P. et al., 2005. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound imaging of suburethral slings. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 26(2), pp.175–9.

Dietz, H.P., 2004. Ultrasound imaging of the pelvic floor. Part II: three-dimensional or volume imaging. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 23(6), pp.615–25.

Dietz, H.P., Abbu, A. & Shek, K.L., 2008. The levator-urethra gap measurement: a more objective means of determining levator avulsion? Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 32(7), pp.941–5.

Dietz, H.P. & Beer-Gabel, M., 2012. Ultrasound in the investigation of posterior compartment vaginal prolapse and obstructed defecation. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 40(1), pp.14–27.

Dietz, H.P., Chantarasorn, V. & Shek, K.L., 2010. Levator avulsion is a risk factor for cystocele recurrence. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 36(1), pp.76–80.

Dietz, H.P. & Clarke, B., 2001. The influence of posture on perineal ultrasound imaging parameters. International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction, 12(2), pp.104–6.

Dietz, H.P., Erdmann, M. & Shek, K.L., 2011. Mesh contraction: myth or reality? American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 204(2), pp.173.e1–4.

Dietz, H.P., Moegni, F. & Shek, K.L., 2012. Diagnosis of levator avulsion injury: a comparison of three methods. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 40(6), pp.693–8.

Dietz, H.P. & Shek, K.L., 2009. Tomographic ultrasound imaging of the pelvic floor: which levels matter most? Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 33(6), pp.698–703.

Dietz, H.P. & Simpson, J.M., 2008. Levator trauma is associated with pelvic organ prolapse. BJOG, 115(8), pp.979–84.

Dietz, H.P. & Wilson, P.D., 1999. The influence of bladder volume on the position and mobility of the urethrovesical junction. International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction, 10(1), pp.3–6.

Dietz, H.P. & Wilson, P.D., 2004. The “iris effect”: how two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound can help us understand anti-incontinence procedures. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 23(3), pp.267–71.

Dietz, H.P., Wilson, P.D. & Clarke, B., 2001. The use of perineal ultrasound to quantify levator activity and teach pelvic floor muscle exercises. International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction, 12(3), pp.166–8; discussion 168–9.

Digesu, G.A. et al., 2012. Intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the three-dimensional ultrasound imaging of female urethral sphincter using a translabial technique. International

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Ding, Y.Y. et al., 1996. Clinical utility of a portable ultrasound scanner in the measurement of residual urine volume. Singapore medical journal, 37(4), pp.365–8.

Dobben, A.C. et al., 2007. External anal sphincter defects in patients with fecal incontinence: comparison of endoanal MR imaging and endoanal US. Radiology, 242(2), pp.463–71.

Dragomir, A.D. et al., 2010. Uterine leiomyomata associated with self-reported stress urinary incontinence. Journal of women’s health (2002), 19(2), pp.245–50.

Duckett, J., Basu, M. & Papanikolaou, N., 2010. Transperineal ultrasound to assess the effect of tension-free vaginal tape position on flow rates. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 36(3), pp.379–83.

Eisenberg, V.H. et al., 2010. Does levator ani injury affect cystocele type? Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 36(5), pp.618–23.

Faltin, D.L. et al., 2005. Diagnosis of anal sphincter tears to prevent fecal incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and gynecology, 106(1), pp.6–13.

Farouk, R. & Bartolo, D.C., 1994. The use of endoluminal ultrasound in the assessment of patients with faecal incontinence. Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, 39(5), pp.312–8.

Feiner, B. & Maher, C., 2010. Vagninal mesh construction. Obstetrics and gynecology, (115), pp.325–330.

Fitzpatrick, M., Behan, M., et al., 2000. A randomized clinical trial comparing primary overlap with approximation repair of third-degree obstetric tears. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 183(5), pp.1220–4.

Fitzpatrick, M., Fynes, M., et al., 2000. Prospective study of the influence of parity and operative technique on the outcome of primary anal sphincter repair following obstetrical injury.

European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology, 89(2), pp.159–63. Fitzpatrick, M. et al., 2003. Randomised clinical trial to assess anal sphincter function following forceps or vacuum assisted vaginal delivery. BJOG, 110(4), pp.424–9.

Flock, F. et al., 2011. Ultrasound assessment of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT). Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980), 32 Suppl 1, pp.S35–40.

Fornell, E.U. et al., 2005. Obstetric anal sphincter injury ten years after: subjective and objective long term effects. BJOG, 112(3), pp.312–6.

Frudinger, A. et al., 2008. The natural history of clinically unrecognized anal sphincter tears over 10 years after first vaginal delivery. Obstetrics and gynecology, 111(5), pp.1058–64.

Fuchsjäger, M.H. et al., 2003. Comparison of transrectal sonography and double-contrast MR imaging when staging rectal cancer. AJR. American journal of roentgenology, 181(2), pp.421–7.

Fynes, M.M. et al., 2000. Anal vector volume analysis complements endoanal ultrasonographic assessment of postpartum anal sphincter injury. The British journal of surgery, 87(9), pp.1209–14.

Gearhart, S.L. et al., 2005. Sphincter defects are not associated with long-term incontinence following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Diseases of the colon and rectum, 48(7), pp.1410–5.

Gold, D.M. et al., 1999. Three-dimensional endoanal sonography in assessing anal canal injury.

The British journal of surgery, 86(3), pp.365–70.

Goode, P.S. et al., 2000. Measurement of postvoid residual urine with portable transabdominal bladder ultrasound scanner and urethral catheterization. International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction, 11(5), pp.296–300.

Gregory, W.T. et al., 2004. Quantitative electromyography of the anal sphincter after uncomplicated vaginal delivery. Obstetrics and gynecology, 104(2), pp.327–35.

Griffiths, D.J. et al., 1996. Variability of post-void residual urine volume in the elderly. Urological research, 24(1), pp.23–6.

Van der Hagen, S.J. et al., 2011. Conservative treatment of patients with faecal soiling. Techniques in coloproctology, 15(3), pp.291–5.

Harms, L. et al., 2007. Funneling before and after anti-incontinence surgery–a prognostic indicator? Part 2: tension-free vaginal tape. International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction, 18(3), pp.289–94.

Haylen, B.T. et al., 2010. An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic floor dysfunction. Neurourology and urodynamics, 29(1), pp.4–20.

Hegde, A. et al., 2013. Three-dimensional endovaginal ultrasound examination following injection of Macroplastique for stress urinary incontinence: outcomes based on location and periurethral distribution of the bulking agent. International urogynecology journal, 24(7), pp.1151–9.

Hernández-Magro, P.M. et al., 2002. Endoanal sonography in the assessment of perianal endometriosis with external anal sphincter involvement. Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU, 30(4), pp.245–8.

Hill, K. et al., 2006. Endoanal ultrasound compared to anorectal manometry for the evaluation of fecal incontinence: a study of the effect these tests have on clinical outcome. Digestive diseases and sciences, 51(2), pp.235–40.

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Huang, W.-C. et al., 2010. The correlations of incontinence-related quality of life measures with symptom severity and pathophysiology in women with primary stress urinary incontinence. World journal of urology, 28(5), pp.619–23.

Hung, H.-C. et al., 2011. Effect of pelvic-floor muscle strengthening on bladder neck mobility: a clinical trial. Physical therapy, 91(7), pp.1030–8.

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Jeppson, P.C. et al., 2012. Accuracy of the digital anal examination in women with fecal incontinence. International urogynecology journal, 23(6), pp.765–8.

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Norderval, S. et al., 2008. Correlation between anal sphincter defects and anal incontinence following obstetric sphincter tears: assessment using scoring systems for sonographic classification of defects. Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology, 31(1), pp.78–84.

Norderval, S. et al., 2012. Incontinence after primary repair of obstetric anal sphincter tears is related to relative length of reconstructed external sphincter: a case-control study.

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